In no time, anything can become digital in today’s world. Even art travels on phones and computers, making the surface of the paintings seamless and unreal.
In order to get the attention of the viewers, an art process born in the twenties has lately been updated and used in a contemporary way. Bringing new meanings and subjects to reflect on. Touching, ripping and assembling a piece of paper in between one’s fingers allows the artist to flirt with reality and to escape from the superficial world created by technology.
The art of collage was never a genre and the artists using this technique, as famous and talented we they could be, were never taken seriously. Collage is a response to a society and a government that is not going well. It’s an art that consists of combining multitude of isolated elements (wallpapers, newspapers, divers objects,…) into one united piece of art. It summarizes the reality of the world the artists are living in and it also unveils a vision of a world they dream for themselves.
The definition of this technique has evolved throughout art movements and artists.
Cubism & collage
Cubists Braque and Picasso, authors of cubism, are the ancestors of collage. First ones to use it as a mean to create texture, layers and adjust space within the canvas. New elements are added onto the painting, mostly newspapers, colored papers or cut out wall papers.
Dadaism & collage
One of the most popular movement to have blended collage with a purpose is Dadaism. Dadaists’ intention is to vehicle a message rather than playing with elements. Raoul Hausmann, Kurt Schwitters and John Heartfield are in search of a mean to express freedom and to create a space for introspection. Their collages look like photo montage of symbols always referring to their political points of view.
Constructivism & collage
Malevich is the forerunner of constructivism, using the cut out papers geometric lines to structure the canvas. The purpose is to create grids first and ornate last. This use of collage greatly inspired architecture and sculpture.
Surrealism & collage
Surrealists escape reality and therefore dadaism and constructivism to impose their vision of collage. They would rather leave their subconscious and dreams interpret the real world. Max Ernst, André Breton, Jacques Prevert and Paul Eluard (painters and authors) let their creativity explode with numerous collages.
Contemporary art & collage
Today’s artists are making collages in response to an aggressive digital era. Jesse Treece, Annegret Soltau, Kerstin Stephan, Lizzie Gill are defining their own point of view on the disintegration of communication by building a language of their own through the art of collage.
Original article of the one published on Indie Walls on September 24th 2015